Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that can affect the entire digestive tract, but primarily involves the intestine. The chronic inflammation characteristic of this condition produces a variety of symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and loss of appetite. While medication is the main treatment for the disease, nutrition plays a key role in managing this digestive disorder.
A nutritional assessment helps evaluate your diet. Your registered dietitian will help you better understand how your disease affects your nutritional needs, which differ from the general population. The appetite loss caused by the disease, combined with intestinal inflammation that reduces nutrient absorption, can lead to unintentional weight loss and increase the risk of nutritional deficiencies. Nutrition appointments allow you to make changes to your diet to ensure that your needs are met.
If you are in an active phase of the disease, your registered dietitian can help you adapt your diet to reduce symptoms and promote remission while addressing any nutritional deficiencies. During the remission phase, you will be supported in transitioning to a normal and balanced diet. Your dietitian will also assist you in discovering your individual tolerance to certain foods, allowing you to create a list of foods to prioritize and avoid while protecting you from unjustified dietary restrictions.
Crohn’s disease can affect people of all ages. A registered dietitian can help you manage this intestinal disorder at every stage of life, from a child with growth delay to a woman wishing to conceive.